Esriが地理情報システムプラットフォーム「ArcGIS」をKubernetesに搭載

Esriが地理情報システムプラットフォーム「ArcGIS」をKubernetesに搭載 サムネイル

今回は「Esriが地理情報システムプラットフォーム「ArcGIS」をKubernetesに搭載」についてご紹介します。

関連ワード (Esri、Kubernetes等) についても詳細と、関連コンテンツとをまとめていますので、参考にしながらぜひ本記事について議論していってくださいね。

本記事は、TechCrunch様で掲載されている内容を参考にしておりますので、より詳しく内容を知りたい方は、ページ下の元記事リンクより参照ください。


地理情報システム(GIS)、マッピング、空間分析最大手のEsriは、米国時間4月6日に(バーチャル)デベロッパーサミットを開催した。予想どおり、イベントでは新たなデザインシステムとJavaScript APIの改訂からArcGIS EnterpriseをKubernetes(クバネティス)のコンテナで動作させるサポートまでさまざまな発表が行われた。

Kubernetesプロジェクトは同社にとって大きな事業だったと、とプロジェクトマネジャーのTrevor Seaton(トレバー・シートン)氏とPhilip Heede(フィリップ・ヒーデ)氏が私に話した。多くの類似製品と同じく、ArcGISは伝統的に物理的なコンピューターかバーチャルマシン、あるいはクラウドでホストされたVM上にインストールするように作られていた。そしてエンドユーザーにとってはソフトウェアがどこで動いているかは関係ないが、アプリケーションのコンテナ化は企業がシステム規模を必要に応じて拡大縮小するのがはるかに簡単になることを意味している。

Esri ArcGIS EnterprizeをKubernetesにデプロイ(画像クレジット:Esri)

「私たちの顧客の多く、特に大規模な顧客の中には、非常に複雑な問題を処理しているところがたくさんあります」とシートン氏は説明する。「そして、それが予測不可能なこともあります。季節性のイベントやビジネスイベントや経済イベントに対応することもあり、そのためには世界で何が起きているかを理解する必要があるだけではなく、ArcGISを設置したシステムに関する質問をする多くのユーザーに対応しなくてはなりません。そしてその予測不可能な需要は、Kubernetesの重要な利点の1つです」。

KubernetesへのEsri ArcGIS Enterpriseのデプロイ(画像クレジット:Esri)

開発チームは楽な道を選んで既存ツールをラッパーに入れてコンテナ化することもできたが、Esriはこの機会にツールを再構築してマイクロサービスに分解した、とシートン氏は説明した。

「しばらく時間がかかりました、なぜならArcGIS Enterprizeを構成している3つか4つの大規模アプリケーションを扱うからです」と彼は言った。「これらを数多くのマイクロサービスに分解します。そうすることで特定のサービスをコンテナ化することが可能になり、管理者にとって複雑にすることなくシステムの供給力と回復力を高めることができるようになりました。実際、複雑さを取り除いた結果、インストールは1つのデプロイスクリプトでできます」。

Kubernetesは多くの管理業務を簡易化するが、ArcGISを使っている多くの企業はまだKubernetesをよく知らない。そしてシートン氏とヒーデ氏が指摘するように、同社はこのプラットフォームの利用を誰にも強制していない。今後もWindowsとLinuxを今までどおりサポートする。またヒーデ氏は、ArcGISのように複雑な統合システムを、顧客が自社インフラで実行できるマイクロサービスと複数コンテナの形で提供していることは今も珍しいことであり、この業界では特にそうだと強調した。

画像クレジット:Esri

Kubernetesサポートに加えて、この日Esriは新しいJavaScript APIを発表した。デベロッパーはEsriのサーバーサイドテクノロジーとクライアントサイドで分析の大部分を行うスケーラビリティを組み合わせたアプリケーションを作れるようになる。かつてEsriは、Microsoft(マイクロソフト)のSilverlight(シルバーライト)やAdobe / Apache Flexなどのツールをサポートして、高度なウェブベースアプリケーションを作れるようにしていた。「今私たちは、単一のウェブ開発技術とその周辺のツール群に専念しています」とEsriのプロダクトマネージャーであるJulie Powell(ジュリー・パウエル)氏が私に言った。

2021年4月、Esriはデベロッパーが簡潔で一貫性のあるユーザーインターフェースを簡単迅速に作ることのできる新しいデザインシステムの公開を計画している。そのデザインシステムは4月22日に公開予定だが、同社は今日すでに部分的に紹介している。パウエル氏によると、Esriにとって困難だったのは、このデザインシステムは同社パートナーが、ArcGISエコシステムから作ったマップとデータの上に独自のスタイルとブランディングを載せられるようにする必要があることだった。

画像クレジット:Esri


【原文】

Esri, the geographic information system (GIS), mapping and spatial analytics company, is hosting its (virtual) developer summit today. Unsurprisingly, it is making a couple of major announcements at the event that range from a new design system and improved JavaScript APIs to support for running ArcGIS Enterprise in containers on Kubernetes.

The Kubernetes project was a major undertaking for the company, Esri Product Managers Trevor Seaton and Philip Heede told me. Traditionally, like so many similar products, ArcGIS was architected to be installed on physical boxes, virtual machines or cloud-hosted VMs. And while it doesn’t really matter to end-users where the software runs, containerizing the application means that it is far easier for businesses to scale their systems up or down as needed.

Esri ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes deployment. Image Credits: Esri

“We have a lot of customers — especially some of the larger customers — that run very complex questions,” Seaton explained. “And sometimes it’s unpredictable. They might be responding to seasonal events or business events or economic events, and they need to understand not only what’s going on in the world, but also respond to their many users from outside the organization coming in and asking questions of the systems that they put in place using ArcGIS. And that unpredictable demand is one of the key benefits of Kubernetes.”

Deploying Esri ArcGIS Enterprise on Kubernetes. Image Credits: Esri

The team could have chosen to go the easy route and put a wrapper around its existing tools to containerize them and call it a day, but as Seaton noted, Esri used this opportunity to re-architect its tools and break it down into microservices.

“It’s taken us a while because we took three or four big applications that together make up [ArcGIS] Enterprise,” he said. “And we broke those apart into a much larger set of microservices. That allows us to containerize specific services and add a lot of high availability and resilience to the system without adding a lot of complexity for the administrators — in fact, we’re reducing the complexity as we do that and all of that gets installed in one single deployment script.”

While Kubernetes simplifies a lot of the management experience, a lot of companies that use ArcGIS aren’t yet familiar with it. And as Seaton and Heede noted, the company isn’t forcing anyone onto this platform. It will continue to support Windows and Linux just like before. Heede also stressed that it’s still unusual — especially in this industry — to see a complex, fully integrated system like ArcGIS being delivered in the form of microservices and multiple containers that its customers then run on their own infrastructure.

Image Credits: Esri

In addition to the Kubernetes announcement, Esri also today announced new JavaScript APIs that make it easier for developers to create applications that bring together Esri’s server-side technology and the scalability of doing much of the analysis on the client-side. Back in the day, Esri would support tools like Microsoft’s Silverlight and Adobe/Apache Flex for building rich web-based applications. “Now, we’re really focusing on a single web development technology and the toolset around that,” Esri product manager Julie Powell told me.

A bit later this month, Esri also plans to launch its new design system to make it easier and faster for developers to create clean and consistent user interfaces. This design system will launch April 22, but the company already provided a bit of a teaser today. As Powell noted, the challenge for Esri is that its design system has to help the company’s partners put their own style and branding on top of the maps and data they get from the ArcGIS ecosystem.

 

(文:Frederic Lardinois、翻訳:Nob Takahashi / facebook )

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